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Film Friday- D. Gray-man

Film Friday- D. Gray-man

D.Gray-man is a Japanese manga series written and illustrated by Katsura Hoshino. Set in an alternate 19th century, it tells the story of a young Allen Walker, who joins an organization of exorcists named the Black Order. They use an ancient substance, Innocence, to combat a man known as the Millennium Earl and his demonic army of Akuma who intend to destroy humanity. Many characters are adapted from Hoshino’s previous works and drafts, such as Zone. The series is noted for its dark narrative; Hoshino once rewrote a scene she thought too violent for her young readers.

The manga began serialization in 2004 in the Weekly Shōnen Jump magazine, published by Shueisha. Production of the series was suspended several times because of Hoshino’s health problems. D.Gray-man made the transition from a weekly to a monthly series in November 2009, when it began serialization in Jump Square. In December 2012, the series went on indefinite hiatus. It resumed serialization in July 2015 after the release of Jump SQ.Crown, a spin-off from the magazine Jump SQ. After Jump SQ.Crown ceased its publication, the series was switched to Jump SQ.Rise, starting in April 2018. The manga’s chapters have been collected in twenty-seven tankōbon volumes as of August 2020. By March 2020, Viz Media had released 26 volumes in North America.

A spin-off novel series, D.Gray-man: Reverse by Kaya Kizaki, explores the history of a number of characters. The manga has been adapted into a 103-episode anime series by TMS Entertainment which aired from October 2006 to September 2008 in Japan and is licensed by Funimation in North America. A 13-episode anime series, D.Gray-Man Hallow, was produced by TMS Entertainment. It aired in Japan from July to September 2016 as a sequel to the first D.Gray-man anime series. Several items of merchandise have been produced, including two video games about the series.

The manga has become one of Shueisha’s bestsellers, with over 24 million copies sold. In Japan and North America, several individual volumes have appeared in weekly top-ten lists of bestselling manga. Although most reviewers found it similar to other shōnen manga, they compared its moments of originality and well-developed characters favorably to other series of the same demographic. Hoshino’s artwork has received mostly positive reviews; most critics have commented that her characters are visually appealing and that the Gothic elements in her art are pleasant to look at. However one critic of her artwork has said that Hoshino’s fight sequences can be difficult to follow.

Anime

In June 2006, Shueisha announced that the D.Gray-man manga would be adapted as an anime. Its first episodes were directed by Osamu Nabeshima and produced by Dentsu, TMS Entertainment, Aniplex, and TV Tokyo. TMS Entertainment provided the animation, while Aniplex provided the music. The series began airing on October 3, 2006 on TV Tokyo. The anime’s 51-episode first season, known as the “1st stage”, ended on September 25, 2007. The 52-episode second season, known as the “2nd stage”, began on October 2, 2007 and ended on September 30, 2008, for a total of 103 episodes. The anime adapts the manga’s storyline from the beginning and concludes after the destruction of the Black Order headquarters. The episodes were released by Aniplex on 26 DVDs from February 7, 2007 to March 4, 2009.

The English-language versions of the first 51 episodes was licensed by Funimation in May 2008, and released in North America on DVD from March 31, 2009 to January 5, 2010. The anime made its North American television debut on the Funimation Channel in September 2010. The first 51 episodes were released on four DVDs by Madman Entertainment from August 19, 2009 to May 13, 2010, and a DVD box set was released on June 6, 2012. In the United Kingdom, Manga Entertainment released the first season in four parts from February 22 to October 18, 2010. A box set was released on December 6, 2010. On June 30, 2016, it was announced that Funimation had acquired the rights to the anime’s second season. In August 2017, Funimation announced they would release the series’ second half on home media version starting on October of the same year. In August, Crunchyroll started streaming the first 25 episodes of the series.

A second TV anime series was announced at Shueisha’s 2016 Jump Festa. Hoshino called the new series a sequel of the first anime, rather than a reboot. It starts where the first series finished and ends with Allen’s departure from the Order. The new series, D.Gray-man Hallow, directed by Yoshiharu Ashino and written by Michiko Yokote, Tatsuto Higuchi, and Kenichi Yamashita, has character designs by Yosuke Kabashima and music by Kaoru Wada. Crunchyroll would stream the series as it aired in Japan. It aired on TV Tokyo from July 4 to September 26, 2016, and was broadcast on Animax Asia. Hallow‘s home-media release was delayed, and in March 2017, the official D.Gray-man Hallow website stated the home-media release was cancelled due to “various circumstances”.

Soundtracks

The music for the D.Gray-man anime series was composed by Kaoru Wada, and four CD soundtracks have been released in Japan by Sony Music Entertainment. The first, 34-track D.Gray-man Original Soundtrack 1 (including its first opening theme and the first two ending themes), was released on March 21, 2007. It was followed by the 32-track CD D.Gray-man Original Soundtrack 2, released on December 19, 2007, which includes the series’ second opening theme and its third and fourth closing themes. The series’ opening and closing themes were collected on a CD, D.Gray-man Complete Best, which was released on September 24, 2008. Its limited edition includes a DVD with credit-less footage of the series’ introduction and closing scenes and anime illustrations.

The third soundtrack, D.Gray-man Original Soundtrack 3 with 31 tracks, was released in Japan on December 17, 2008. It includes the series’ third and fourth opening themes, the fifth to eighth closing themes and the insert song “Hands Sealed With a Kiss” by Sanae Kobayashi. Another soundtrack, based on the Hallow sequel, was released on September 28, 2016. Entitled D.Gray-man Hallow Original Soundtrack, the release includes 40 tracks.

Video games

Two D.Gray-man adventure games, based on the first anime series, have been released. The first, D.Gray-man: Kami no Shitotachi, for Nintendo DS, was released in Japan by Konami on March 29, 2007 with Allen and his comrades as playable characters. The second, D.Gray-man: Sousha no Shikaku, was released for PlayStation 2 on September 11, 2008. In it, Allen trains in the Asian headquarters of the Black Order to regain powers lost after a previous battle so he can rejoin his allies to fight the Akuma and Noah. Allen and other series characters appear in the Nintendo DS fighting game Jump Super Stars and its sequel, Jump Ultimate Stars, and he is a supporting character in the fighting game J-Stars Victory VS.

Synopsis

Setting

Set in an alternate 19th century, the story focuses on an organization of exorcists, named the Black Order, as they defend humanity against the Noah Family, reincarnations of Noah and his twelve apostles whom bear hatred towards humanity and God led by a man known as the Millennium Earl. The exorcists’ main weapon against the Noah Family are sentient holy artifacts called Innocence. Innocence comes in a variety of forms, varying from everyday objects such as boots to grandfather clocks, to weapons such as swords and guns; regardless of their form, each Innocence possesses unique offensive and supportive abilities and will only work for the wielder of their choosing. Out of the 109 Innocence hidden and scattered throughout the world, one of them is the master Innocence; whichever side obtains this Innocence first will win the war. In contrast to the Innocence, the Noah Family’s weapons are derived from a power source known as Dark Matter. Dark Matter, grants the Noah superpowers, along with the ability to create and control demons.

Plot

The central character is Allen Walker, a new recruit to the Black Order who started training to control his Innocence after it destroyed the Akuma of his late guardian, Mana. The story begins in a villain of the week fashion, where Allen teams up with various members of the Black Order to search for Innocence while battling Noah’s demons on the way. Later, Allen and his friends are ordered to track down exorcist General Cross Marian, Allen’s missing teacher. Their search concludes with them stealing one of the Noah’s transportation device, referred to as the Noah’s Ark; this was made possible since Allen has been instilled the consciousness of Nea D. Campbell, the brother of Mana, and the exiled 14th member of the Noah Family, who the Earl wishes to have back. Cross reveals that Nea plans to use Allen as host upon reincarnating, effectively erasing Allen eventually. During the Third Exorcists insurrection story arc, Nea’s consciousness begins superseding Allen’s body. Now hunted by the Black Order, the Noah Family, and a humanoid Innocence called Apocryphos, Allen goes into hiding as he searches for a way to end Nea’s resurrection. During his journey, he realises that his late guardian, Mana, alongside Nea, has a strong link to the Millennium Earl. He then decides to journey to the place where Mana and Nea grew up to learn the truth about them, and their connection to the Earl. Following his escape, Allen is tracked by the Black Order, Apocryphos and the Noah. When Apocryphos is distracted by the Noah, the Earl finds Allen who is possessed by Nea. During this encounter it is revealed that the current Earl is Mana D. Campbell, Nea’s brother. Both were once the original Millennium Earl but were split and became enemies.

Manga Monday- D. Gray-man

Manga Monday- D. Gray-man

D.Gray-man is a Japanese manga series written and illustrated by Katsura Hoshino. Set in an alternate 19th century, it tells the story of a young Allen Walker, who joins an organization of exorcists named the Black Order. They use an ancient substance, Innocence, to combat a man known as the Millennium Earl and his demonic army of Akuma who intend to destroy humanity. Many characters are adapted from Hoshino’s previous works and drafts, such as Zone. The series is noted for its dark narrative; Hoshino once rewrote a scene she thought too violent for her young readers.

The manga began serialization in 2004 in the Weekly Shōnen Jump magazine, published by Shueisha. Production of the series was suspended several times because of Hoshino’s health problems. D.Gray-man made the transition from a weekly to a monthly series in November 2009, when it began serialization in Jump Square. In December 2012, the series went on indefinite hiatus. It resumed serialization in July 2015 after the release of Jump SQ.Crown, a spin-off from the magazine Jump SQ. After Jump SQ.Crown ceased its publication, the series was switched to Jump SQ.Rise, starting in April 2018. The manga’s chapters have been collected in twenty-seven tankōbon volumes as of August 2020. By March 2020, Viz Media had released 26 volumes in North America.

A spin-off novel series, D.Gray-man: Reverse by Kaya Kizaki, explores the history of a number of characters. The manga has been adapted into a 103-episode anime series by TMS Entertainment which aired from October 2006 to September 2008 in Japan and is licensed by Funimation in North America. A 13-episode anime series, D.Gray-Man Hallow, was produced by TMS Entertainment. It aired in Japan from July to September 2016 as a sequel to the first D.Gray-man anime series. Several items of merchandise have been produced, including two video games about the series.

The manga has become one of Shueisha’s bestsellers, with over 24 million copies sold. In Japan and North America, several individual volumes have appeared in weekly top-ten lists of bestselling manga. Although most reviewers found it similar to other shōnen manga, they compared its moments of originality and well-developed characters favorably to other series of the same demographic. Hoshino’s artwork has received mostly positive reviews; most critics have commented that her characters are visually appealing and that the Gothic elements in her art are pleasant to look at. However one critic of her artwork has said that Hoshino’s fight sequences can be difficult to follow.

Manga

Written and drawn by Hoshino, the D.Gray-man manga began its serialization in Shueisha’s Weekly Shōnen Jump on May 31, 2004. The series went on hiatus several times due to issues with Hoshino’s health. Publication resumed on March 9, 2009. The series reappeared in the seasonal magazine Akamaru Jump on August 17. After its run in Akamaru Jump, D.Gray-Man resumed publication on November 4, 2009 in the monthly magazine Jump SQ. The manga began another hiatus on December 29, 2012, beginning serialization again on July 17, 2015 in the quarterly Jump SQ.Crown, until the magazine ceased its publication on January 19, 2018. The manga moved to the Jump SQ.Rise on April 16, 2018.

Individual chapters have been published in tankōbon format by Shueisha. The first complete volume was published on October 9, 2004, and the 27th volume was published on August 4, 2020. In the making of each volume, Hoshino originally wanted each cover to be focused on a single character. However, following the 9th compilation of the series, Hoshino changed her mind and instead decided to try different types of covers that feature multiple characters.

At the 2005 San Diego Comic-Con International, D.Gray-man was licensed for English-language publication in North America by Viz Media. The company published the first collected volume of the series on May 2, 2006 and the 24th volume on August 5, 2014. The 25th volume was released on May 2, 2017. Viz Media reissued the series in a 3-in-1 format, publishing eight 3-volumes-in-1 editions from July 2, 2013 to November 3, 2015. Madman Entertainment published Viz’s 24-volume English edition in Australia and New Zealand, from August 10, 2008 to September 10, 2014.

Books

A three-volume light novel based on the manga series, D.Gray-man: Reverse by Kaya Kizaki, was published by Shueisha. The first volume, published on May 30, 2005, focuses on Allen’s journey to the Black Order after he finishes his exorcism training, Yu Kanda’s mission to find a witch, and Asian branch head Bak Chan, who tries to learn how Komui Lee was elected European branch head (instead of himself). The second volume, published on July 4, 2006, is set in the Black Order. Allen and other characters attend a party, Lavi trains to be the next Bookman before he meets Allen, and the Millennium Earl searches for people to create Akuma. The third volume was published on December 3, 2010. Its first chapter follows Black Order scientist Rohfa’s search for Allen, with whom she is infatuated. In the second chapter, Allen lives with a circus as a child after he is abandoned by his parents.

Several other series-related books also exist published by Shueisha. The D.Gray-man Official Fanbook: Gray Ark was published on June 4, 2008, and TV Animation D.Gray-man Official Visual Collection: Clown Art on September 4. Three omnibus editions were published on November 13 and December 11, 2009 and January 15, 2010. They were followed by an illustrated book, D.Gray-man Illustrations Noche, on February 4, 2010. Noche was published by Viz Media on December 6, 2011. The artist’s book also contains two interviews with Hoshino and manga artists Osamu Akimoto and Takeshi Obata. D.Gray-man Character Ranking Book, a compilation of character popularity polls with character profiles by Hoshino and the one-shot “Exorcist no Natsu Yasumi”, was published on July 4, 2011. A new book, D.Gray-man Official Fan Book – Gray Log (Gray’s Memory), was released in Japan on August 4, 2017.

Reception

Popularity

The manga has been popular in Japan. One of Weekly Shōnen Jump‘s bestselling series, individual volumes have appeared on annual Japanese top-50 manga sales lists; in 2008, volumes 14, 15, and 16 were on the list. Later volumes were also Japanese bestsellers. In March 2019, the series had a Japanese circulation of over 24 million copies. Manga author Katsura Hoshino is grateful to the editors assisting her to the point of saying that she owes the series’ success to them.

Volumes of Viz’s English version of the series have appeared on bestselling manga lists in the New York Times and Nielsen BookScan. In its summer 2008 and Q3 2008 lists, ICv2 ranked D.Gray-man the 15th-bestselling manga property in North America. In 2009 and 2010, the series was North America’s bestselling shōnen property and the bestselling manga overall. It was ranked as the 24th and 23rd North American manga property on ICv2‘s Top 25 Manga list in 2011 and 2012, respectively.

Zassosha’s manga magazine, Puff, ranked the series the seventh-best long-story manga of 2006. In France, it received the Best Manga Series of 2006 award at the Anime and Manga 2007 French Grand Prix (organized by Animeland) and the 2006 Manga of the Year award from Webotaku. The anime DVDs have also been popular, ranking high on several Japanese animation DVD lists from 2007 to 2009, and the series was listed as a most-watched anime of the week. Its novelizations were also well-received; the second volume was the third-bestselling novel in Japan in 2006. D.Gray-man‘s characters have also inspired cosplay.

Critical reception

Manga

Reception of the series has been generally positive. In his review of volume one, Carlo Santos of Anime News Network said that certain plot points “come out of nowhere” and the story was kept from its full potential due to finding some points like the designs generic. However, he enjoyed the series’ quick-moving plot, exposition, and backstory. Sheena McNeil from Sequentialtart called it the best manga from 2006 based on its story and cast. A.E. Sparrow of IGN also reviewed the first volume, comparing the series’ antagonist to three of Batmans villains due to his likeability despite his role. Sparrow also enjoyed Allen’s characterization based on his tragic backstory. Calling the early volumes an “amateur comic”, reviewer Leroy Douresseaux of Coolstreak Cartoons noted that the plot and art improved significantly with each volume, whereas Otaku USA was amazed by the amount of different element such as horror, scifi, fantasy, among others to the point of making it an atypical manga from its genre. Ross Liversidge of the UK Anime Network enjoyed the first three volumes; Hoshino had “an excellent quality of storytelling” in juggling dark plot, light comedy and appealing characters. According to Brian Henson of Mania Beyond Entertainment, the series became better over time; although some elements seemed derivative, it developed a unique identity. Yussif Osman of Japanator said that the characters were some of the deepest seen in shōnen manga, citing Lavi’s backstory and the Noah Family.

Later volumes were also praised; Otaku USAs Joseph Luster appreciated the series’ battles and Allen’s development. The revelation that Allen would be an enemy of the Order and the 14th Noah was well received by Grant Goodman of Pop Culture Shock and Chris Beveridge of the Fandom Post. However, Goodman criticized early-volume reliance on comedy rather than plot. Beveridge and Erkael of Manga News were impressed with Kanda’s dark past Douresseaux liked Allen’s situation in volume 21 (due to the character’s connections with the Noah), and wanted to see more of that and less of Kanda’s fight with Alma Karma. Chris Kirby of the Fandom Post felt the constant mysteries across the series were entertaining, but lamented the continuous hiatus Hoshino had to take, leaving multiple fans disappointed in regards to future story events.

Hoshino’s art received mixed reviews. According to Casey Brienza of ANN, as of volume twelve, the battles were “practically unintelligible” yet liked the rest of the artwork. She described Hoshino’s drawing style as the “aesthetic yet dynamic, superbly beautiful yet super-violent” style made famous by female manga artists arising from the late-1980s and early-1990s dōjinshi subculture, citing Clamp and Yun Kōga as examples. Brienza also talked about Hoshino’s character designs, believing fans of both sexes would find them appealing. Douresseaux called Hoshino’s art “highly stylish” and reminiscent of work by Joe Madureira, Kelley Jones, and Chris Bachalo. Describing her backgrounds as eerie and Lovecraftian, Douresseaux wrote that Hoshino made appealing scenes that combined both gothic and violent elements. Brian Henson criticized changes made to the Viz Media version, such as the replacement of Japanese sound effects with less-appealing ones and awkward translations of character names.

Anime

According to Funimation Entertainment president and CEO Gen Fukunaga, the anime series was popular in Japan and the United States. Carl Kimlinger of Anime News Network reviewed the first episode, calling it derivative with “absolutely nothing original” but not boring. Noting that Allen’s use of the anti-Akuma weapon might seem clichéd, Todd Douglass Jr. of DVD Talk found its use in the anime entertaining. Active Anime’s Sandra Scholes and UK Anime Network’s Kevin Leathers enjoyed the anime series and, similarly to Douglass, found its small borrowings from other series appealing. Both reviewers praised Allen Walker’s characterization. Anime Insider‘s Kimberly Morales said that the series’ animation quality varied and although the story was appealing, voice actor Travis Willingham was miscast as Kanda. However, Morales liked the series and its cast overall. Tom Tonhat of Escapist praised the cast due to how it inspired multiple cosplaying and noted the impact of the Earl’s characterization as it involved about how the dead cannot be brought back to life.

UK Anime’s Kevin Leathers criticized its lack of entertaining story arcs, and Anime News Network’s Casey Brienza called the anime a poor adaptation of the manga. On the other hand, Neo enjoyed the direction of the episodes even though some are called “filler” based on how they allow to focus on the large cast. Allen’s English-language voice actor, Todd Haberkorn, said that anime sales were poor despite generally-positive reviews; he suggested that fans buy DVDs on sale to keep the series from being cancelled.

The anime’s sequel, D.Gray-man Hallow, was one of the most-anticipated anime series of summer 2016 by followers of Anime News Network and the Japanese web portal goo. Since he had not watched the original anime for some time, Alex Osborn of IGN appreciated the brief exposition in the sequel’s first episode to remind the audience of the plot. Although he enjoyed the interaction among the main cast, Osborn was confused by the revelation that Allen would become the 14th Noah and had to watch the scene again in order to understand it. In a later review, Osborn said he was amazed by Allen’s first possession by the 14th Noah; although it was “disturbing”, it enhanced the character’s development. Anne Laurenroth remarked Kanda’s character development in Hallow, particularly his fight against Alma Karma and his return to the Order in the finale. Laurenroth noted Hallow‘s poor animation and pacing but, although most of its episodes were grim, its final moments were upbeat. Manga Tokyo appreciated the black and white morality of the story when Allen is imprisoned by the Order he was working for and has to rely on the Millennium Earl’s comrades in order to survive. However, the reviewer felt that viewers needed more information than what the story was able to provide.

Film Friday- A Certain Scientific Railgun

Film Friday- A Certain Scientific Railgun

A Certain Scientific Railgun is a Japanese manga series written by Kazuma Kamachi and illustrated by Motoi Fuyukawa, which began serialization in the April 2007 issue of ASCII Media Works’ Dengeki Daioh magazine. The manga is a spin-off of Kamachi’s A Certain Magical Index light novel series, taking place before and during the events of that series. The manga is licensed in North America by Seven Seas Entertainment, who began publishing the series from June 2011. An anime television series adaptation by J.C. Staff aired in Japan between October 2009 and March 2010, followed by an original video animation released in October 2010. A second season titled A Certain Scientific Railgun S aired between April and September 2013. A third season titled A Certain Scientific Railgun T aired between January and September 2020. The anime is licensed in North America by Funimation.

Anime

A 24-episode anime television series adaptation, produced by J.C. Staff and directed by Tatsuyuki Nagai, aired in Japan between October 3, 2009 and March 20, 2010. The anime was collected into eight DVD and Blu-ray Disc sets released between January 29 and August 27, 2010, with each volume containing a short story series titled A Certain Magical Index: Kanzaki SS. The series was licensed in North America by Funimation, who released the series on DVD on April 16, 2013. A bonus episode was included with a visual book released on July 24, 2010, and an original video animation was released in Japan on October 29, 2010.

A 24-episode second season, also directed by Nagai, titled A Certain Scientific Railgun S, aired in Japan between April 12 and September 27, 2013. It was simulcast by Funimation, who released the series on DVD in North America in two parts on July 1, 2014 and August 19, 2014, respectively. Another bonus episode was released with a visual book released on March 27, 2014.

A third season titled A Certain Scientific Railgun T aired from January 10 to September 25, 2020. The third season ran for 25 episodes. Two bonus anime are set to be released from the third season’s first and fifth Blu-Ray/DVD volumes. Unlike previous seasons, the season was simulcasted on both Funimation and Crunchyroll, with Crunchyroll streaming the series in Japanese with English subtitles, and Funimation streaming the English dub.

Music

The anime adaptation of A Certain Scientific Railgun has five pieces of theme music, two opening themes and three ending themes. The first opening theme is “Only My Railgun” by fripSide, and the first ending theme is “Dear My Friend” by Elisa. The song “Smile (You & Me)” by Elisa, which uses the same tune as “Dear My Friend (Mada Minu Mirai e)”, is featured as the ending theme for episode twelve. The second opening theme is “Level 5 (Judgelight)” by fripSide and the third ending theme is “Real Force” by Elisa. “Only My Railgun” appears in Konami’s arcade music games Pop’n Music 20: Fantasia, Dance Dance Revolution X2 and Jubeat Knit. For the OVA, the opening theme music is “Future Gazer” by fripSide, the single of which was released on October 13, 2010, while the ending theme is “Special One” by Elisa, the single of which was released on October 27, 2010.

For A Certain Scientific Railgun S, it has six pieces of theme music, two opening themes and four ending themes. The first opening theme is “Sister’s Noise” by fripSide and the first ending theme is “Grow Slowly” by Yuka Iguchi, the latter of which was released on May 15, 2013. The song “stand still” by Iguchi is featured as the second ending theme for episodes 11 and 14. The second opening theme is “Eternal Reality” by fripSide and the third ending theme is “Links” by Sachika Misawa. The song “Infinia” by Misawa is featured as the fourth ending theme for episode 23.

For A Certain Scientific Railgun T, the first opening theme is “final phase” by fripSide and the first ending theme is “nameless story” by Kishida Kyoudan & The Akeboshi Rockets.

Main characters

Tōma Kamijō
is the main protagonist of A Certain Magical Index and an important side character in A Certain Scientific Railgun. He tends to stay away from trouble but possesses a strong sense of justice. He is an average student and knowledgeable about certain subjects yet is a failure in his esper studies. While he is an idealist for the hopes of other people, ironically he is cynical about himself possibly because of his powers.
His right hand contains a power called Imagine Breaker, an ability which negates all supernatural powers but also his own luck (“divine providence” as defined by Index). Because this ability cannot be detected through testing, he has been given the lowest esper rank, Level 0. Due to the nature of his power, the founder of Academy City considers him neither an esper nor a magician, but rather a normal person with a unique ability.
Throughout the series, he tries to live his life normally while still facing against the many adversaries from the worlds of science and magic and the conflicts that follow. Despite his very bad luck, he has managed to get the interests and hearts of many characters that are in love with him, which Aisa jokes about. The reason is not only to his personality, but he avoids the red thread of fate, according to Index.
In order to save Index from the need of a memory reset, he had activated her self-protection system and destroyed the spell responsible for her mind strain. However, he ends up having his memories destroyed when he comes into contact with the Feather of Light. Though he no longer remembers the past, he claims his heart has not completely forgotten the people he cares about. His memory loss is kept a secret known only to himself and a few others, including his doctor Heaven Canceller (who unknown to Tōma is Aleister’s personal physician), Terra of the Left (who manages to figure it out by himself), Mikoto (who learns about it from accidentally overhearing the conversation between Tōma and Terra), Fiamma of the Right (who, after learning about it, sends this information to Index using the mental link he established with her using John’s Pen mode), Index (who finds out from Fiamma), Seria Kumokawa, and Misaki Shokuhō.
One of the series’ main mysteries is the origin of Imagine Breaker, since it is neither an esper ability nor a magical ability. Later in the series, whereas Touma’s entire right arm is cut off a dragon head referred to as the Dragon King emerges. Within Christian Church, the dragon represents to be of Divine origin according to two members of Right Seat of Gods. Fiamma believes Imagine Breaker is the Holy Right, which holds the power of miracles and Terra hints Imagine Breaker’s full powers have yet to be unlocked; if it does, its powers would extend to Tōma’s whole body and beyond and the second about the meaning behind his surname ‘Kamijō’ as it means “The One Superior To God” for God’s Right Seat and “The One Who Cleanses God” for Kaori Kanzaki and Aleister.
Due to the troubles he faces with delinquents, Tōma is a skilled street fighter, is physically fit, and manages to outrun his opponents. As he faces espers and magicians, he combined his fighting skills (including using his powers) with his quick thinking to outmaneuver his opponents. Mikoto considers him to be extremely strong, having never beaten him despite having repeatedly challenged him (who before she beat him once during his fight to save Othinus from the entire world after she shocked him directly). However, his ability can only be effective when espers use their power on him directly, which is why he had a tough time against Accelerator, who uses his ability on projectiles.
He also has a sixth sense for incoming magic and esper attacks based on their AIM fields and Telesma flow and uses his powers to minimize the damage taken.
Index
is one of the main heroines from the magic side and the titular character of A Certain Magical Index. She is a young nun from Necessarius, a branch of the Church of England. Index is small in stature and has a petite build. About 15 years old, she has thigh-length, silvery-blue hair with very white skin and large green eyes. She also wears a white robe with golden embroidery sewed onto every edge of it, the Walking Church, that prevents any injury on her, but it is later destroyed by Tōma when he touched it with his right hand, which is why her uniform is stitched with golden pins. Her mind has been implanted with the 103,000 magical texts of the Index-Librorum-Prohibitorum as she possesses photographic memory, which makes sorcerers wonder if she really is human because just one Grimoires is poisonous to the mind, and one is more than enough to kill a person without the proper preparative.
Her sorcery name is Dedicatus545, “The devoted lamb protects the knowledge of the strong”. The Church says that the Grimoires take up 85 percent of her mind, so she only has 15 percent of memory space left to use in daily activities, which allows her to live normally for less than a year. However, all of this is revealed to be a lie after Tōma begins to question how the Church even got to numbers like 15% and 85% and finds out from his teacher Komoe that the human mind can store an unlimited amount of memories up to 140 years at least. This was purposely done as the Church planned to make the Grimoires harder to access by telling their underlings to perform “maintenance” on her mind in exactly one-year intervals once her memory has come to its “limit”; that way, she will not remember her close friends and accidentally and/or purposely reveal the contents of the Grimoires.
When she is being invaded by outsiders or injured, her self-protection system personality, John’s Pen, will be activated to allow her to use magic to cast high-class magic attacks such as St. George’s Sanctuary and Dragon’s Breath. Her self-protection system will use the Feather of Light to force a reset on Index’s own memory should a manual reset fail to be performed. Although she does not know that she has magical powers, she can easily identify the types of magic by seeing it or somebody describing it to her and know how to counter them. Her vast knowledge of the Index-Librorum-Prohibitorum within her mind makes her to be one of the most powerful characters so far and becomes very helpful to her friends in various situations using skills like Spell Intercept, and Sheol Fear.
She is often elated by a variety of things and is slightly ignorant and curious of modern technology. She usually is gentle and polite with people and has a kind nature, but is also a selfish spoiled brat when together with Tōma. She is also abusive towards him and hypocritical in nature, chiding him for doing things she doesn’t like, yet does the same things herself. She constantly jumps to conclusions without learning the circumstances first and constantly punishes Toma, wrongfully, by biting him or starting arguments with him, much to his confusion and exasperation. She also has a large appetite and uses any excuse to get food from anyone and likes watching an anime series called Magical Powered Kanamin. She has strong feelings towards Tōma and even confessed her love after hearing Tōma lost his memories because of her; however he avoided answering by changing the theme of the talk since he has no idea about what kind of feelings he used to have with Index.
When she returns to England, she is sought out by Fiamma who wants her knowledge and reactivates John’s Pen mode through her remote control spiritual item. Later during her stay at Necessarius Headquarters at St. George Cathedral, she learns the bitter truth about Tōma when Fiamma reveals Tōma lied to her about his memories, which sends her on a rampage and grows angelic “Crimson Wings” and corners Stiyl (who tries to restrain her) with ease just by flapping her wings. She also has displayed the ability to summon legendary weapons and artifacts to attack, such as the “Sword of Freyr”, the magic sword of the Harvest God from the Norse Mythology. After defeating Fiamma, Tōma releases Index’s mind from Fiamma’s control, apologizes to her, and both promises each other to meet again. At the end of volume 22, she returns to St. George Cathedral with Stiyl to learn what happened to Tōma.
In New Testament, Index eventually reunites with Tōma when he reappears in Academy City after the events of the Third World War.
Mikoto Misaka
is one of the main heroines from the science side in A Certain Magical Index, as well as the main protagonist and the titular character of A Certain Scientific Railgun. Despite her rich background, Mikoto had a typical childhood.
At a young age, she was discovered to be a Level 1 Electromaster, espers who have the ability to generate and control electricity, and see beyond the visible electromagnetic spectrum. She enrolled into Academy City to train her powers and worked very hard until her powers were ranked Level 5. As an electromaster, she can generate and manipulate electricity which she can use to shock opponents, hack into electronics like computer networks and security systems, and use electromagnetism to cling to surfaces or manipulate iron particles into a chain-sword whip. Mikoto’s signature move is her ability to shoot metal projectiles such as coins at high destructive speeds, hence her nickname, “Railgun”. If she is in a bad mood, she will sometimes let out bursts of electricity describing her emotional stress, usually resulting in power failures or in worse cases, a thunder storm that causes citywide blackouts.
Mikoto attends Tokiwadai Middle School. To most people, she is considered a proper lady, but in reality, she has a short-tempered, prideful, and improper attitude with some tomboyish tendencies and insecurities, a fact few other characters know. She is fond of cute, childish things, such as flowery pajamas and Gekota, the popular frog mascot franchise. Contrary to what she claims, she has a strong sense of morals and hates injustice. Mikoto has a one-sided rivalry with Tōma, who, even after experiencing permanent amnesia, nicknames her “Biri Biri”, ever since their first meeting before the events of the first novel when he first dissipated her electricity after he unsuccessfully tried to rescue her. Since that incident, she is always trying to have a proper match with Tōma and defeat him despite his many attempts to avoid conflict with her.
When Mikoto was young, she was tricked into giving the city’s scientists her DNA under the pretense of finding the cure for Duchenne muscular dystrophy; their actual goal to create military-grade combat clones of her. When it was discovered that the clones did not have the same power level as Mikoto, they were instead used in a project called “Level 6 Shift”, intended to make Accelerator the first level 6 esper by having him kill 20,000 clones. The events of how Mikoto tried to stop the project are briefly mentioned in the third novel and expanded upon in the Railgun manga. When all of her attempts failed, she contemplates letting herself be killed by Accelerator, as an unexpected variable to destroy Tree Diagram’s calculations. However, it is not until Tōma intervenes and beaten Accelerator, proving Accelerator to be really weak, that the project is canceled and the remaining 9969 surviving Sisters are spared.
After the events of the third novel, she eventually develops strong romantic feelings towards Tōma but is unable to express them due to her insecurities and the fact other girls are also interested in him, and he treats her like a tsundere. Even though she and Tōma tend to bicker and argue with each other, they share a friendly relationship. During the events of the 14th novel, she calls Tōma, who is on a trip to Avignon, France when he is attacked by Terra of the Left. Even though his cellphone is damaged, Mikoto is still able to listen in on the conversation on the other end and is shocked to hear from Terra that Tōma actually lost his memories and has been hiding this fact from his friends all this time. Confused, she confronts Tōma when he returns to Academy City in the 16th novel; she is relieved that Tōma still remembers the incident with Accelerator and the Sisters. After that, Mikoto overcomes her initial confusion regarding her concern for him and realizes she loves Tōma. She reappears in volume 20, when upon learning Russia might launch missiles against Academy City and seeing Tōma in a live TV report from Russia, Mikoto heads to Russia after hijacking a jet from the Academy City Invasion Force (incidentally, said jet was ordered to find and capture Tōma). After arriving in Russia, she and Misaka 10777 head towards a nuclear military base to stop the missiles from launching. Near the end of volume 22, she tries to rescue Tōma from the falling Star of Bethlehem but he stays behind in order to stop an Archangel. After the Star’s destruction, she tries to find him but only finds his cellphone strap.
During the Daihasei Festival, Misaka 10032 is kidnapped by Gensei Kihara whose scheme is to gather the requirements for his attempts to make Mikoto a Level 6. Gensei required Exterior, the giant cultivated brain used by Misaki in order to infect the Misaka Network with the electric virus and get around its defenses. His forced attempt in creating a level 6 involves sending Mikoto’s power out of control. At 53% of the theoretical limit her mind would transform into something from a different dimension. Afterwards, Mitori likely used the Exterior to guide Mikoto’s psyche. She brings out her fears and anger towards the city, and has her attack the Windowless Building, saying bad things would happen and someone will always get hurt. Mikoto complies and uses her newfound power to make an incredibly powerful beam of electricity descend from the overcast sky, though the Windowless Building survives. Tōma, allied with Sogiita Gunha, are confronted by Mikoto’s huge mass made of metal and rubble formed from various metal containing structures. Mikoto’s subconscious wakes up, but she has no control over her transformed body, as the great black sphere of energy continues to grow, and energy exudes from the ground. The sphere’s power was too great for Tōma’s right arm to bear and it is ripped from his body intact. At that moment, the Dragon Strike in the form of eight other dragons emerges, and then bites the black spheres and makes Mikoto’s transformation crumble. With Mikoto restored, Tōma comforts her by saying that there are people who are working to help her change bit by bit; she agrees with tears in her eyes.
After the Third World War, Mikoto returns to Academy City feeling depressed over failing to save Tōma, but is relieved when she is reunited with him, as he survived after returning to Academy City. Later, she was one of the few who were involved in an operation in Hawaii. She intended to enroll in Tōma’s school during the Ichihanaran Festival, though this was interrupted by Misaki Shokuhō.
Accelerator
is one of the main characters in the science side in A Certain Magical Index, as well as the main protagonist and titular character of A Certain Scientific Accelerator. He is the most powerful esper in Academy City, ranking at the top of the seven Level 5s in the city. His real name is unknown, though Accelerator recalls his surname was composed of two kanji characters and his given name consisted of three kanji characters. First appearing as an antagonist of the third light novel, he later becomes a main protagonist in the science side of the Toaru Majutsu no Index series in a notable number of volumes of the light novels. His name is written as “Ippōtsūkō”, meaning “One-Way Road”. His ability allows him to control any vector he touches including motion, heat, electricity, and wind. This allows him to perform various feats such as reflecting bullets, launching heavy objects, and even reversing the flow of blood in people’s bodies. Since his natural ability blocks all ultraviolet radiation, he has an appearance with white hair.
Accelerator’s unique ability makes him the subject of an experiment attempting to create the first Level 6 esper: according to the city’s best supercomputer, Tree Diagram (which was unprecedentedly destroyed by Index’s Dragon Breath), this feat could only be achieved by killing Misaka Mikoto, the Railgun, 128 times without a single failure. Since it was impossible to procure 128 Railguns, an alternative plan was formed to “level up” Accelerator by having him kill 20,000 skilled Level 3 espers: the Misaka clones. He willingly joins the experiment to gain a reputation as the most powerful and feared esper so that no one would be foolish enough to challenge him. His desire to achieve this goal leads him to kill many who got in his way. Mikoto tries to stop the experiment to save her sisters, but it is Tōma who finally does so and defeats Accelerator after discovering his weakness: Accelerator was physically weak because of his total reliance on his powers and his overconfidence in his esper abilities. Therefore, Tōma beat him with his Imagine Breaker and street-fighting skills.
After his defeat in volume three of the light novels, he reappears in the fifth novel where his past was also revealed. He was taken to Academy City at a young age when his powers were first discovered but because of the lack in their understanding of his powers, people fear him and in some cases tried to kill him. Due to the many attempts on his life and the numerous experiments performed on him, these events shaped Accelerator into a sadist and made it difficult for him to trust anyone except for Kikyou Yoshikawa, the only scientist who ever cared about him and saved his life. He also takes a more heroic and fatherly role by protecting a young girl named Last Order, the last Misaka clone who believes through the memories of the Sister clones who fought him that Accelerator is not bad person and actually never wanted to hurt the clones but tried to merely intimidate them into not fighting him, a theory Accelerator dismisses. In the aftermath of the incident, Accelerator is shot in the head by Ao Amai and acquires aphasia due to brain damage. The injury also affects his ability but Heaven Canceller jury-rigs a choker-like device to his brain, allowing Accelerator to tap into the Misaka Network to make up for his injury and function normally. He can also switch the transmitter to full power, restoring his ability for a maximum of 15 minutes at the beginning, but the time is later extended to 30 minutes by an update to the device. Toward the end of volume 13, Accelerator begins to “awaken” after nearly being killed by Amata Kihara and his aphasia is somehow temporarily cured. He truly “awakens” in volume 15, gaining black wings when fighting another “awakened” level 5, Teitoku Kakine. In the events of the 19th novel he meets Aiwass, a higher dimensional being, summoned to their plane of existence. Aiwass explains to him when AIM entities like him are manifested, Last Order is heavily strained and may die if left untreated. To help Last Order, who has collapsed from sustaining Aiwass, Accelerator follows Aiwass’ advice and heads to Russia during World War III in search of Index, unaware that he has met her before.
In Russia, after being ambushed by Russian mages, he acquires the “Goatskin”, a mysterious document sought after by both Academy City and the Russian government that has the knowledge about the Archangels and Heaven, and later runs into a Misaka Worst clone, learning that Aleister intends to eliminate Last Order, now obsolete to create a new Misaka network. Despite being more powerful than Misaka Worst, Accelerator is unable to bring himself to harm another Sister clone after the Level 6 experiment and becomes mentally unstable after the clone attempts to kill Last Order and later tries to kill herself. Accelerator goes on a rampage until Tōma arrives where he turns his frustration regarding Last Order’s condition onto Tōma and a fight ensues between the two. After Accelerator is defeated again, Tōma uses his Imagine Breaker to stabilize Last Order and leaves a note informing him of Index’s true whereabouts. Later, he joins forces with Elizarinian soldiers and Misaka Worst to find spies in their country, and fought Archangel Gabriel along with Hyōka, where after studying the Goatskin, he learns to understand the angel’s language and turning himself into an angel as a side effect. With his new powers, he is able to decode one of Index’s songs and was finally able to cure Last Order but is injured in the process.
After the Third World War, Accelerator is given his freedom with the help of Shiage, after he threatens the Academy City’s administration to leave him, Last Order and Misaka Worst alone and orders them to stop all illegal black projects in the city. However, both he and Shiage actions anger a new group of espers called the “Freshmen” who are aware of the existences of Magic and sees them as an obstacle in Academy City’s war against the Magic factions. After being helped by Tōma and Leivinia Birdway, the latter invites him to join the world of Magic.
Shiage Hamazura
is one of the main characters in the science side in A Certain Magical Index he is a former member of Skill-Out, a group of Level 0s who use various means to counter esper abilities, who accidentally gets caught up with the Dark side of Academy City. He is first introduced in the Side Story novels where he became the leader of his Skill-Out gang after Accelerator killed the former leader, his best friend Ritoku Komaba on the orders of the Board of Directors. On the same day he became the new leader, his gang was forced by the Board of Directors to kill Mikoto’s mother, Misuzu or face extermination. However, he and his gang were defeated by Tōma and Accelerator and they failed to kill Misuzu. Humiliated, he left the gang to his friend Hattori Hanzo and became a chauffeur and informant for Team ITEM where he fell in love with one of their members, Rikō Takitsubo.
During the 15th novel, Team ITEM is involved in a war between the various underground organization where Shiage helps them by providing transport by stealing cars around the city. But when Team ITEM is defeated by Team SCHOOL led by its leader, Teitoku Kakine, Shizuri Mugino, the leader of Team ITEM, wants revenge for being humiliated no matter what and forces an injured Rikō to use her powers to find Teitoku despite the fact that repeated use of her powers will kill her. In order to save Rikō, Shiage fights against Shizuri and despite the odds, he manages to defeat Shizuri by using her pride and powers against her. However, this unexpected incident becomes a thorn in Aleister’s plans as there was no way Shiage could defeat Shizuri as she is a Level 5. Seeing him as an unpredictable anomaly that will disrupt his future plans, Aleister puts a bounty on Shiage and orders the forces of Academy City’s dark side to kill him. Ironically, he is saved by Shizuri, who survived their battle and now has a sense of twisted love for him (declaring she will castrate him as her sign of affection). She lets him and Rikō escape Academy City by stealing a jet and shoots down his pursuers, declaring that he is her prey and hers alone.
Shiage and Rikō escapes to Russia only to find themselves in a war between Academy City and Russia. After being saved by Acqua of the Rear, Shiage and Rikō heads to the nation of Elizarina where Rikō is partially healed by Accelerator and aids Acqua. In order to protect a document called the Kremlin Report, Shiage and Rikō heads towards the same nuclear military base that Mikoto went while they were being chased by Academy City forces and later Shizuri. However Shizuri collapses from over-exhaustion as her fragile body is suffering from the effects of using too much Body Crystal, a dangerous drug that Rikō uses to activate her powers. Unable to see her this way, Shiage begs Shizuri to let go of her pride and see reason and be the Shizuri that use to care for her teammates which strokes a cord within her and makes peace with him as she protects him and Rikō from the rest of the invading Academy City forces. After capturing a member of the Board of Directors who led the Academy City forces and torturing him, he reveals to Shiage a document called the Parameter List, which reveals that the Academy City administration has been secretly interfering with the Power Curriculum Program and preventing most of the city’s students from gaining or raising their powers.
After the Third World War, Shiage is given amnesty and the assassination order on him removed thanks to Accelerator and makes a deal with the Academy City’s administration, where he will not expose the truth about the Parameter List and he, along with Rikō and Shizuri are allowed to return to Academy City to reform Team ITEM. However, his and Accelerator’s actions have made them enemies with a new group of espers called the “Freshmen” which is aware of the existence of Magic who sees both of them as an obstacle in Academy City’s war against the Magic factions. After Tōma and Leivinia help him and Accelerator against the “Freshmen”, Tōma introduces them to the world of Magic.

 

Manga Monday- A Certain Scientific Railgun

Manga Monday- A Certain Scientific Railgun

A Certain Scientific Railgun is a Japanese manga series written by Kazuma Kamachi and illustrated by Motoi Fuyukawa, which began serialization in the April 2007 issue of ASCII Media Works’ Dengeki Daioh magazine. The manga is a spin-off of Kamachi’s A Certain Magical Index light novel series, taking place before and during the events of that series. The manga is licensed in North America by Seven Seas Entertainment, who began publishing the series from June 2011. An anime television series adaptation by J.C. Staff aired in Japan between October 2009 and March 2010, followed by an original video animation released in October 2010. A second season titled A Certain Scientific Railgun S aired between April and September 2013. A third season titled A Certain Scientific Railgun T aired between January and September 2020. The anime is licensed in North America by Funimation.

Media

Manga

A Certain Scientific Railgun is illustrated by Motoi Fuyukawa and started serialization in the April 2007 issue of ASCII Media Works’ Dengeki Daioh. The first volume was released on November 10, 2007 and as of October 11, 2018, 14 volumes have been published. North American publisher Seven Seas Entertainment began distributing the Railgun manga from June 2011.

Other media

A series of short light novel stories, titled A Certain Railgun SS, were included with the Japanese DVD and Blu-ray Disc releases of A Certain Magical Index and its second season.

A visual novel based on A Certain Scientific Railgun for the PSP was released on December 8, 2011 after facing several delays, and comes in a special edition which includes a Kuroko Shirai Figma figure. The opening theme for the A Certain Scientific Railgun PSP game is “Way to answer” by fripSide.

Reception

The opening theme for Railgun, “Only My Railgun”, won Best Theme Song at the 2010 Animation Kobe Awards.

Plot

In the futuristic Academy City, which is made up of 80% students, many of whom are espers possessing unique psychic powers, Mikoto Misaka is an electromaster who is the third strongest of a mere seven espers who have been given the rank of Level 5. The series focuses on the exploits of Mikoto and her friends; Kuroko Shirai, Kazari Uiharu, and Ruiko Saten, prior to and during the events of A Certain Magical Index.

Film Friday- Digimon

Film Friday- Digimon

Digimon, short for “Digital Monsters”, is a Japanese media franchise encompassing virtual pet toys, anime, manga, video games, films and a trading card game. The franchise focuses on the eponymous creatures, who inhabit a “Digital World”, a parallel universe that originated from Earth’s various communication networks.

The franchise was created in 1997 as a series of virtual pets, akin to—and influenced in style by—the contemporary Tamagotchi or nano Giga Pet toys. The creatures were first designed to look cute and iconic even on the devices’ small screens; later developments had them created with a harder-edged style influenced by American comics. The franchise gained momentum with its first anime incarnation, Digimon Adventure, and an early video game, Digimon World, both released in 1999. Several anime series and films based on them have been released, and the video game series has expanded into genres such as role-playing, racing, fighting, and MMORPGs.

Anime

Television series

The Digimon anime series was produced by Toei Animation and Bandai of Japan. Beginning in 1999, an anime series was green-lit as the first of the Digimon films aired in theaters. Originally, Digimon Adventure was supposed to be a short film, but after the storyboard was finished, a request for the film to become a children’s television series was made. Several anime series have since been produced, with the first six series localized into English for release in Western markets.

Films

Several Digimon featurette films were released in Japan, with some of them seasonal tie-ins for their respective television series.

  1. Digimon Adventure / Digimon: The Movie (1999)
  2. Digimon Adventure: Our War Game! / Digimon: The Movie (2000)
  3. Digimon Adventure 02: Part 1: Digimon Hurricane Touchdown!! / Part 2: Supreme Evolution!! The Golden Digimentals / Digimon: The Movie (2000)
  4. Digimon Adventure 02: Revenge of Diaboromon (2001)
  5. Digimon Tamers: Battle of Adventurers (2001)
  6. Digimon Tamers: Runaway Locomon (2002)
  7. Digimon Frontier: Island of Lost Digimon (2002)
  8. Digital Monster X-Evolution (2004)
  9. Digimon Savers: Ultimate Power! Activate Burst Mode!! (2006)
  10. Digimon Adventure 3D: Digimon Grand Prix! (2009)
  11. Digimon Adventure tri. Chapter 1: Reunion (2015)
  12. Digimon Adventure tri. Chapter 2: Determination (2016)
  13. Digimon Adventure tri. Chapter 3: Confession (2016)
  14. Digimon Adventure tri. Chapter 4: Loss (2017)
  15. Digimon Adventure tri. Chapter 5: Coexistence (2017)
  16. Digimon Adventure tri. Chapter 6: Future (2018)
  17. Digimon Adventure: Last Evolution Kizuna (2020)

Distribution and localization

In the United States, Digimon Adventure premiered in August 1999 on the Fox Broadcasting Company. An English-language adaptation of the series produced by Saban Entertainment (later Sensation Animation), the series was broadcast on Fox Kids. Saban would dub the first four anime series in the franchise, which were collectively retitled Digimon: Digital Monsters. Some scenes from the original version were modified or omitted in order to comply with Fox’s standards and practices. The show also featured more jokes and added dialogue, along with a completely different musical score. As a cross-promotional stunt, 2001 and 2002 saw Digi-Bowl specials co-produced with Fox Sports; NFL on Fox commentator Terry Bradshaw provided interstitial segments in-between episodes as if the episodes were actually a football game.

The Walt Disney Company would acquire Saban during the third series, Digimon Tamers. Reruns of the first three series began airing on the cable network ABC Family, while the fourth series, Digimon Frontier, premiered on UPN as part of a deal between Disney and UPN. UPN aired the series until late August 2003, when they severed their ties to Disney. Frontier aired on ABC Family concurrently, and also aired in reruns on Toon Disney under the Jetix branding.

An English version of Digimon Data Squad, produced by Studiopolis, would premiere October 1, 2007, on Toon Disney. In September 2012, Saban Brands, a successor to Saban Entertainment, announced it had acquired the Digimon anime franchise. Saban would announce that they would be producing an English dub for Digimon Xros Wars, retitled Digimon Fusion, for broadcast on Nickelodeon in the United States starting September 7, 2013. After three episodes, the show was moved to Nicktoons starting October 13, 2013.

Previously, Funimation Entertainment had online streaming rights to subtitled versions of Digimon Adventure 02 and Digimon Tamers. Digimon Adventure, Adventure 02, and Tamers, would later begin streaming on Netflix in 2013 and 2014 with Japanese audio and English subtitles. Crunchyroll began streaming the English-subtitled version of Digimon Fusion outside Japan in November 2011. The English-localized version of its first season became available on Netflix starting September 13, 2014, with the second season arriving on March 8, 2016. After Crunchyroll acquired streaming rights to the dubbed versions and Funimation acquired rights to the subtitled versions, the dubbed versions of Adventure, Adventure 02, and Tamers were briefly removed from Netflix.

After the buyout of Saban Brands by Hasbro on 2018, the rights of Digimon in the United States are currently owned by Shout! Factory.

International

In Canada, the English versions of Digimon were broadcast on YTV, with the exception of Data Squad, which aired in Family Channel’s Jetix block. YTV would eventually acquire Digimon Fusion, but only the first 26 episodes were shown.

In the United Kingdom, Digimon first aired on Fox Kids. ITV’s children’s slot CITV would broadcast Adventure, Adventure 02 and several episodes of Tamers during after school hours from 2001–2002. The rest of Tamers aired on Fox Kids from 2002–04. Digimon Frontier was originally announced to be broadcast on Jetix, but the series was later dropped. The series eventually saw a release on October 29, 2018. From 2011, Digimon Data Squad airs on Kix!. According to Fox Kids’ (2000–03) and Kix’s (2010–) BARB Television ratings, Adventure, Adventure 02 & Tamers have been the most popular series’/seasons in the United Kingdom and was consistently in the weekly top 10 broadcasts for both channels for new episodes. Broadcast rights and merchandising sub-licensing rights for Digimon Fusion in the UK have been acquired by ITV Studios Global Entertainment. Digimon Fusion has aired since Spring 2014 on digital terrestrial channel, CITV.

Video games

The player battles with three Digimon: Rosemon, WarGreymon, and SkullGreymon. The opponent’s Digimon are Ninjamon, Centarumon, and SandYanmamon. Battling is an integral concept of the Digimon video game series and media franchise.

The Digimon series has a large number of video games which usually have their own independent storylines with a few sometimes tying into the stories of the anime series or manga series. The games consists of a number of genres including life simulation, adventure, video card game, strategy and racing games, though they are mainly action role-playing games.

In late 2009, Bandai created a webpage in Japanese showing a new game to be released in 2010 called Digimon Story: Lost Evolution, which uses the same engine as their predecessors Digimon World DS and Digimon World Dawn and Dusk and was released on July 1, 2010. In February 2010, a website for the online multiplayer game, Digimon Battle Online, was launched, showing it to be based primarily in the world of the Tamers saga and its characters.

On September 22, 2011, online game publisher Joymax announced the release of an MMORPG game called Digimon Masters, which was developed by the Korean publisher DIGITALIC.

In 2011, Bandai posted a countdown on a teaser site. Once the countdown was finished, it revealed a reboot of the Digimon World series titled Digimon World Re:Digitize. An enhanced version of the game released on Nintendo 3DS as Digimon World Re:Digitize Decode in 2013.

A new fighting game for PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360 was revealed in the summer of 2014, named Digimon All-Star Rumble. It was released in North America, Europe and Australia in November of the same year. Digimon Story: Cyber Sleuth, a role-playing game in the Digimon Story sub-series, was released in 2015 for PlayStation Vita and PlayStation 4 in Japan. It has also been released with English subtitles in North America and the rest of the world in 2016.

Card game

The Digimon Collectible Card Game is a card game based on Digimon, first introduced in Japan in 1997 and published by Bandai. The third season (Digimon Tamers) utilized this aspect of the franchise by making the card game an integral part of the season. Versions of the card game are also included in some of the Digimon video games including Digital Card Battle and Digimon World 3.